Roorkee is a city and seat of a municipal corporation in Uttarakhand, in far northern India. It is located on the banks of the Ganges canal on the national highway between Delhi and Dehradun. Roorkee is known for Roorkee Cantonment, one of the country's oldest cantonments,and the headquarters of Bengal Engineer Group (Bengal Sappers) since 1853. The renowned IIT Roorkee is located in this town.
Roorkee is a centre of education and research. It is best known for Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT), which was formerly called the University of Roorkee and originally known as the Thomson College of Civil Engineering. The Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh started its operations in India, from a single room in the main building of erstwhile 'Thomson College of Civil Engineering', when it shifted to India from Lahore in Pakistan after the Partition of India in 1947.It continued to operate from the premises in Roorkee until 1954, when it shifted to its present premises in Chandigarh.
Roorkee is also home to several government research institutes: Central Building Research Institute (C.B.R.I.), Irrigation Research Institute(I.R.I.), Institution of Engineers Regional Center (I.E.I.), Alternate Hydro Energy Centre (A.H.E.C.), Irrigation Design Organization (I.D.O.) and National Institute of Hydrology (N.I.H.).With the availability of numerous schools, colleges and institutions for higher education and professional degrees, students come for enrollment from all over India and abroad.